木曜日, 3月 03, 2016

The Structure of Economics: A Mathematical Analysis: Eugene Silberberg: 洋書 3e 2000




 The Structure of Economics: A Mathematical Analysis: Eugene Silberberg: 洋書

http://www.amazon.co.jp/The-Structure-Economics-Mathematical-Analysis/dp/0071181369
  • ペーパーバック: 704ページ
  • 出版社: Irwin/McGraw-Hill; 3rd Revised版 (2000/12/1)1990,1978
  • 言語: 英語
  • ISBN-10: 0071181369
  • ISBN-13: 978-0071181365
  • 発売日: 2000/12/1
目次:
1. Comparative Statics and the Paradigm of Economics 
2. Review of Calculus (One Variable) 
3. Functions of Several Variables 
4. Profit Maximization 5. Matrices and Determinants 
6. Comparative Statics: The Traditional Methodology 
7. The Envelope Theorem and Duality 
8. The Derivation of Cost functions 
9. Cost and Production Functions: Special Topics 
10. The Derivation of Consumer Demand Functions 
11. Special topics in Consumer Theory 
12. Intertemporal Choice 
13. Behavior under Uncertainty 
14. Maximization with Inequality and Nonnegativity Constraints 
15. Contracts and Incentives* 
16. Markets with Imperfect Information* 
17. General Equilibrium I: Linear Models 
18. General Equilibrium II: Nonlinear Models 
19. Welfare Economics 
20. Resource Allocation over Time: Optimal Control theory *New Chapter

_______

全文

詳細目次:
Prefacexv
1 Comparative Statics and the Paradigm of Economics l
1.1 Introduction1
1.2 The Marginalist Paradigm 3
1.3 Theories and Refutable Propositions 9
The Structure of Theories10
Refutable Propositions12
1.4 Theories Versus Models; Comparative Statics 14
1.5 Examples of Comparative Statics16
Problems23
Selected References24
Bibliography24
2 Review of Calculus (One Variable) 25
1.6 Functions, Slopes, and Elasticity25
1.7 Maxima and Minima27
1.8 Continuous Compounding28
1.9 The Mean Value Theorem 31
1.10Taylor's Series
32
Applications of Taylor's Series: Derivation of the First- and 
Second- Order
Conditions for a Maximum; Concavity and Convexity 34
3 Functions of Several Variables37
1.11Functions of Several Variables
37
1.12Level Curves: I
37
1.13Partial Derivatives
39

3.4 The Chain Rule45
Second Derivatives by the Chain Rule 47
3.5 Level Curves: II49
Convexity of the Level Curves 51
Monotonic Transformations and Diminishing Marginal Utility 53
Problems55
3.6 Homogeneous Functions and Euler's Theorem 56
Problems65
Selected References65
4 Profit Maximization66
1.14 Unconstrained Maxima and Minima: First-Order Necessary 
Conditions66
1.15 Sufficient Conditions for Maxima and Minima: Two Variables
68
Problems72
1.16 An Extended Footnote
73
1.17An Application of Maximizing Behavior: The Profit-Maximizing 
Firm74
The Supply Function81
4.5 Homogeneity of the Demand and Supply Functions; Elasticities
82
Elasticities83
4.6 The Long Run and the Short Run: An Example of the Le 
Chatelier Principle84
A More Fundamental Look at the Le Chatelier Principle 86
Problems87
4.7 Analysis of Finite Changes: A Digression 91
Appendix92
Taylor Series for Functions of Several Variables 92
Concavity and the Maximum Conditions 93
Selected References95
5 Matrices and Determinants96
1.18Matrices
96
1.19 Determinants, Cramer's Rule
98
1.20 The Implicit Function Theorem
105
Problems109
Appendix110
Simple Matrix Operations110
The Rank of a Matrix112
The Inverse of a Matrix113
Orthogonality115
Problems116
Selected References116
6 Comparative Statics: The Traditional Methodology 117
1.21 Introduction; Profit Maximization Once More
117
1.22 Generalization to n Variables
121
First-Order Necessary Conditions 121
Second-Order Sufficient Conditions 121
Profit Maximization: n Factors 124
6.3 The Theory of Constrained Maxima and Minima: First-Order
Necessary Conditions128
1.23 Constrained Maximization with More than One Constraint: A 
Digression132
1.24Second-Order Conditions
134
The Geometry of Constrained Maximization 138
6.6 General Methodology141
Problems148
Selected References150
7 The Envelope Theorem and Duality " 151
1.25 History of the Problem
151
1.26The Profit Function
152
1.27 General Comparative Statics Analysis: Unconstrained Models
156
1.28 Models with Constraints
159
Comparative Statics: Primal-Dual Analysis 161
An Important Special Case165
Interpretation of the Lagrange Multiplier 166
Le Chatelier Effects169
Problems172
Bibliography174
8 The Derivation of Cost Functions175
1.29The Cost Function
175
1.30 Marginal Cost
179
1.31Average Cost
180
1.32 A General Relationship Between Average and Marginal Costs
181
1.33 The Cost Minimization Problem
183
1.34The Factor Demand Curves
189
Interpretation of the Lagrange Multiplier 189
1.35 Comparative Statics Relations: The Traditional Methodology
193
1.36 Comparative Statics Relations Using Duality Theory
202
Reciprocity Conditions202
Cost Curves in the Short and Long Run 205
Factor Demands in the Short and Long Run 207
Relation to Profit Maximization 209
8.9 Elasticities; Further Properties of the Factor Demand Curves 211
Homogeneity212
Output Elasticities216
1.37The Average Cost Curve
216
1.38 Analysis of Firms in Long-Run Competitive Equilibrium
218
Analysis of Factor Demands in the Long Run 220
Problems222
Selected References-224
9 Cost and Production Functions: Special Topics 225
1.39 Homogeneous and Homothetic Production Functions
225
1.40 The Cost Function: Further Properties
228
Homothetic Functions232
9.3 The Duality of Cost and Production Functions
234
The Importance of Duality
237
9.4 Elasticity of Substitution; the Constant-Elasticity-of-Substitution 
(CES)
Production Function
238
Generalizations to n Factors 248
The Generalized Leontief Cost Function 249
Problems250
Bibliography250
10 The Derivation of Consumer Demand Functions ' 
252
1.41 Introductory Remarks: The Behavioral Postulates
252
1.42 Utility Maximization
261
Interpretation of the Lagrange Multiplier
266
Roy's Identity
268
1.43 The Relationship Between the Utility Maximization Model and 
the Cost
Minimization Model
272
1.44 The Comparative Statics of the Utility Maximization Model; 
the Traditional
Derivation of the Slutsky Equation
276
1.45 The Modern Derivation of the Slutsky Equation
282
Conditional Demands
286
The Addition of a New Commodity
288
10.6 Elasticity Formulas for Money-Income-Held-Constant and
Real-Income-Held-Constant Demand Curves
291
The Slutsky Equation in Elasticity Form
291
Compensated Demand Curves
294
10.7 Special Topics

Separable Utility Functions 297
The Labor-Leisure Choice 299
Slutsky Versus Hicks Compensations 304
The Division of Labor Is Limited by the Extent of the Market 306
Problems310
Selected References313
11 Special Topics in Consumer Theory
1.46 Revealed Preference and Exchange
1.47 The Strong Axiom of Revealed Preference and Integrability
Integrability
325
11.3 The Composite Commodity Theorem
Shipping the Good Apples Out
335
11.4 Household Production Functions
Comparative Statics
345
11.5 Consumer's Surplus
Example
354
Empirical Approximations
355
11.6 Empirical Estimation and Functional Forms
Linear Expenditure System
357
CES Utility Function
359
Indirect Addilog Utility Function
360
Translog Specifications361
Almost Ideal Demand System 362
Problems363
References on Theory366
References on Functional Forms 366
12 Intertemporal Choice368
12.1 n-Period Utility Maximization368
Time Preference371
Fisherian Investment378
The Fisher Separation Theorem 380
Real Versus Nominal Interest Rates 382
1.48 The Determination of the Interest Rate 384
1.49 Stocks and Flows387
Problems391
Selected References392
13 Behavior Under Uncertainty394
13.1 Uncertainty and Probability394
Random Variables and Probability Distributions 395
Mean and Variance396
13.2 Specification of Preferences399
State Preference Approach399
The Expected Utility Hypothesis 400
Cardinal and Ordinal Utility 401
13.3 Risk Aversion403
Measures of Risk Aversion405
Mean-Variance Utility Function 406
Gambling, Insurance, and Diversification 409
13.4 Comparative Statics411
Allocation of Wealth to Risky Assets 411
Output Decisions Under Price Uncertainty 412
Increases in Riskiness413
Problems416
Selected References416
14 Maximization with Inequality and
Nonnegativity Constraints418
14.1 Nonnegativity418
Functions of Two or More Variables 423
1.50 Inequality Constraints427
1.51 The Saddle Point Theorem 432
1.52 Nonlinear Programming437
1.53 An "Adding-Up" Theorem 440
Problems442
Appendix443
Bibliography446
15 Contracts and Incentives448
1.54 The Organization of Production448
1.55 Principal-Agent Models449
Comparative Statics452
Multitask Agency454
15.3 Performance Measurement457
Choosing the Performance Measure 460
1.56 Costly Monitoring and Efficiency Wages 461
1.57 Team Production463
1.58 Incomplete Contracts466
Factors Affecting Ownership Structure 469
Problems471
Selected References471
16 Markets with Imperfect Information 473
1.59 The Value of Information in Decision Making 473
1.60 Search474
Sequential Search476
Equilibrium Price Dispersion 478
16.3 Adverse Selection482
Favorable Selection485
16.4 Signaling487
A More General Analysis490
16.5 Monopolistic Screening491
Problems496
Selected References497
17 General Equilibrium I: Linear Models 498
1.61 Introduction: Fixed-Coefficient Technology 498
1.62 The Linear Activity Analysis Model: A Specific Example 507
1.63 The Rybczynski Theorem 513
1.64 The Stolper-Samuelson Theorem 515
1.65 The Dual Problem 517
1.66 The Simplex Algorithm 526
Mathematical Prerequisites526
The Simplex Algorithm: Example 530
Problems534
Bibliography536
18 General Equilibrium II: Nonlinear Models 537
1.67 Tangency Conditions537
1.68 General Comparative Statics Results 545
1.69 The Factor Price Equalization and Related Theorems 550
The Four-Equation Model556
The Factor Price Equalization Theorem 558
The Stolper-Samuelson Theorems 559
The Rybczynski Theorem 566
1.70 Applications of the Two-Good, Two-Factor Model 568
1.71 Summary and Conclusions572
Problems574
Bibliography576
19 Welfare Economics577
1.72 Social Welfare Functions577
1.73 The Pareto Conditions581
Pure Exchange581
Production584
1.74 The Classical "Theorems" of Welfare Economics 591
1.75 A "Nontheorem" About Taxation 594
1.76 The Theory of the Second Best595
1.77 Public Goods597
1.78 Consumer's Surplus as a Measure of Welfare Gains and Losses 600
1.79 Property Rights and Transactions Costs 604
The Coase Theorem 608
The Theory of Share Tenancy: An Application of the Coase Theorem 
611
Problems615
Bibliography616
20 Resource Allocation over Time: Optimal Control Theory      
617
20.1 The Meaning of Dynamics617
Brief History621
20.2 Solution to the Problem 621
The Calculus of Variations627
Endpoint (Transversality) Conditions 629
Autonomous Problems630
Sufficient Conditions632
20.3 Solutions to Differential Equations 633
Simultaneous Differential Equations 636
20.4 Interpretations and Solutions637
Intertemporal Choice637
Harvesting a Renewable Resource 640
Capital Utilization644
Problems649
Selected References650
Hints and Answers652
Index661

pp.12~13

Irving M.Copi, Introduction to Logic
Introduction to Logic - Irving M. Copi - Google ブックス


________

Principles of Microeconomics Seventh Edition: Eugene Silberberg, Gregory M Ellis: 9781269561693: Amazon.com: Books

http://www.amazon.com/Principles-Microeconomics-Seventh-Edition-Silberberg/dp/1269561693

Principles of Microeconomics Seventh Edition Paperback – Unabridged, 2013


http://tocs.ulb.tu-darmstadt.de/4905189X.pdf 目次のみ(版不明)

内容説明

Appropriate for one-semester courses in undergraduate-MBA level Principles of Microeconomics. This text is an uncluttered approach to economics with a strong emphasis on simple, social science methodology. All examples and analyses flow from a few basic assumptions, such as diminishing marginal values, the law of diminishing marginal product and comparative advantage. Many nontraditional examples are used such as adoption markets, political markets and changes in smoking habits.

目次

1. But Will It Work In Theory? Introduction. The Economic Paradigm. Demand and Supply. Applications. 
2. The Postulates Of Behavior. Axioms of Choice. Marginal Values and Demand Curves. The Law of Demand. Consumption Over Time. The Diamond-Water Paradox. 
3. The Theory Of Demand. Relative Versus Absolute Prices. Market Demand Curves. Elasticity of Demand. The "Second Law of Demand." Applications of the Law of Demand. Shipping the Good Apples Out. 
4. Exchange and Supply. The Gains From Exchange. Supply Curves. Seller's Rents. Economic Efficiency. The Formation of Organized Markets. The Role of "Middlemen." The Use of Money for Exchange. Political Exchange. 
5. Supply and Demand. Change in Demand vs. Change in the Quantity Demanded. Analysis of Interrelated Markets. Who Pays the Tax? 
6. Cost and Production. The Gains from Specialization. Comparative Advantage. Marginal Cost and Supply. Increasing Costs at the Extensive Margin. Supply Curves and Rents. Rents and Quasi-Rents. Economic Efficiency. The Division of Labor is Limited by the Extent of the Market. 
7. The Law of Diminishing Returns. Inputs and Outputs, Marginal Product. Profit Maximization and Factor Demand. Applications. The Behavior of Firms Under Different Rules of Ownership: The Effects of Property Rights on Resource Allocation. 
8. Supply In Competitive Markets. Competitive Markets. Diminishing Marginal Product and Rising Marginal Cost. The Objectives of the Firm. Marginal Cost and Supply: An Example. The Cost Curves and Supply. The Intensive and Extensive Margins Combined. Shortages and Surpluses. 
9. Property Rights and Transactions Costs. Introduction. The "Coase Theorem." Highway Congestion. Public Goods. The Prisoner's Dilemma. Signals. The Nature of the Firm. 
10. Interest Rates And Capital Values. Consumption Over Time. The Price of Present Consumption. Present and Future Values. Determination of the Interest Rate. Real Versus Nominal Interest Rates. The Fisher Separation Theorem. Stocks and Flows. 
11. Monopoly. Monopoly Versus Competition. Monopolistic Pricing. Monopoly and Efficiency. Price Discrimination. 
12. Imperfect Competition. Monopolistic Competition. Cartels and Collusion. Antitrust Policy. 
13. Labor Markets. The Supply of Labor. Families: The "New Home Economics." The Demand for labor. The Market for Labor. Labor Unions. Labor Market Discrimination. 
14. The Macro Economy. The Aggregate Economy: Concepts. Measurement of the Economy. The Central Problem of Macroeconomics. The Role of Money in the Macro Economy. Monetary Policy: How the Fed Affects the Economy. Fiscal Policy. Policy Issues.

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